Without them, this world wouldn’t be inhabitable. There are many more fascinating facts about trees to find out, but a wonderful place to begin is with a tree’s basic anatomy. Keep on reading to learn the 4 basic components of a tree and how they work together to encourage healthy growth.
A tree’s leaves are what we detect the most. Their beautiful springtime blossoms bring fresh greenery into our surrounding environments. From leaves and blossoms, to nuts and fruits, the yields of a blossom are often revered parts of trees. But leaves serve a much larger purpose than aesthetics; they’re the food factories of this tree. The green colour we see in leaves is due to a chemical named Chlorophyll. This practice is known as photosynthesis, and both trees and living animals need it to survive. Without it, trees could not give off the much-need oxygen we want!
Behind tree leaves, you’ll discover its branches and twigs. They develop and outward from the tree trunk, and supply a supporting base for leaves and other returns. But they also play important role in transferring water and nutrients back and forth from the back and the canopy.
The tree trunk has 5 distinct layers, all which serving an important function. Outer bark keeps out rain and moisture in wet seasons, and keeps it in dry seasons. Inner bark is also referred to as phloem, and acts as a food pipeline. The cambium cell layer is the component of the trunk that’s growing, sapwood is the tree’s water pipeline, and heartwood is really deadwood, but it functions as a tree’s primary support structure.
The tree roots are where minerals and water are recovered from the soil and sent upward through the tree, all of the way into the leaves. Roots are just as heavy as the first 3 feet of dirt, so it’s essential that they remain free of harm, such as lawn mowers, weed whackers, structure, and more.