What is Taiga
Did you know, that boreal forest, or Taiga, covers 9 percent of Earth’s land and is the world’s largest land biome?
Boreal forest has a subarctic climate with a very large temperature range between seasons, but the cold and long winter is the dominant characteristic. At the start of April, the woods is dormant, and only first signs of life are noteworthy. Green leaves of lingonberry, pines and spruce trees add some colour to the picture, but the remainder of the woods has a quite dull beige palette. But in a few months, this forest will become filled with life, sounds, and colours. Billions of birds, from tiny kinglet to large cranes, will return from south to keep the circle of life and give birth to their offsprings. They migrate thousands of miles each year. That is amazing, but they understand the truth of existence. The only northern boreal forest can give them sufficient for expansion.
6 details about Taiga
The term”boreal” could be familiar due to the occurrence aurora borealis, or Northern Lights. The best places to see the lights are at the northwestern areas of Canada, Alaska, over the southern tip of Greenland and Iceland, the northern coast of Norway and across the coastal waters north of Siberia. The winters, with average temperatures below freezing, past five to seven weeks. The lowest recorded temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere were listed in the Taiga of northeastern Russia. Temperatures range from −54°C to 30°C (-65°F to 86°F) during the year. Of the 300 bird species that call boreal forest home during the summer, just 30 remain through the winter. The boreal forest stores enormous amounts of carbon, possibly over the tropical and temperate forests combined.
The most of boreal forest appeared with the end of the last Ice Age about 10000 years back, with coniferous tree species migrating north. The woods as we know it now concerning biodiversity took shape about 5000 years ago – only a seconds ago from the geological timescale.
The soils of the boreal forest tend to be acidic, because of falling pine needles, and low on nutrients because the cold temperatures don’t allow much foliage to rot and become dirt. And of course that the danger from clearcutting for toilet paper, wood logging and, in Canada, tar sands oil extraction that covers an area larger than England.
Mankind is responsible for many forest loss globally. The largest cause of deforestation in Taiga is logging.